Technology allows for better transportation for widely distributed food (locally and internationally).
It allows for different farming methods including genetically modified products, machineries and irrigation.

The Green Revolution & Seed-Fertiliser Revolution
  • High yielding varieties (HYVs) of rice and wheat, expanding irrigation and using larger amounts of fertiliser were introduced by the farmers in the 1960s
  • HYVs known as IR8 was released to farmers in 1962. The first crop of IR8 produced a yield 600% greater than the traditional varieties of rice grown the year before
  • Western technology and these new technology were introduced to some asian farmers to modernise Asian rice production
  • India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines which were rice importers, became rice exporters
  • The development of hybrid (cross-pollinated) high yielding varieties of rice was the key

Increasing control over the biophysical environment
  • Wet rice: a completely new wetland ecosystem can be generated
  • Technology gives farmers the power to control or manipulate their biophysical environment to an even greater extent
  • Farmers with cash incomes may be able to afford to buy mechanical pumps to boos the irrigation capacity of their farms
  • Some farmers can use purchased inputs such as chemical fertilisers to boost yields and pesticides to control insect pests or others (e.g. In 1954, China tried to eradicate birds which were thought to be the reason for destroying crops)