Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Goal 4: Reduce child mortality

This goal is attempting to cut child mortality by 2/3 before 2015.
This is very important because, as children are very sensitive to levels of develpoment, this neccesitates an increaqse in development, improving the lot of others in te population as well. It will have a knock on effect. Health care, maternal health, education, housing and many more things will need to improve.
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In many regions substantial progress has been made in reaching targets. In other regions, predominantly sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia this progress is much slower. Generally, this goal is being achieved, but not as sufficient rate to be ready by 2015.

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As this graph shows, lack of progress in sub-Saharan Africa is leading to many more deaths.

The UN is working to achieve this through several projects:

The Measles Initiative is one of the most successful global health initiatives. Since 2001, the Initiative has helped to reduce global measles mortality by 68 per cent, surpassingthe United Nations goal of 50 per cent, by vaccinating over 500 million children. The number of global measles deaths, from 2000 to 2006,
┬╗┬╗Worldwide, deaths of children under five years of age declined from 93 to 72 deaths per 1,000 live births between 1990 and 2006. In Africa, measles deaths plunged by 91 per cent from 396,000 to 36,000 deaths. It is estimated that immunization helped avert almost 7.5 million deaths from the disease. Bangladesh in 2006 conducted the world's largest ever measles eradication campaign, vaccinating 33.5 million children between the ages of nine months and 10 years, over a 20-day period. This needed increased transport, healthcare and education, and increased general health of whole populations, not just targeting children. It has been very effective.

Maternal and neonatal tetanus is a disease that kills tens of thousands of newborns each year, most of them in developing countries. Viet Nam's Ministry of Health has eliminated maternal and neonatal tetanus, with support from WHO and UNICEF. A survey conducted by UNICEF, WHO and the Government of Viet Nam in three of Viet Nam's disadvantaged districts showed less than one neonatal tetanus death per 1000 live births in 2005. In the 1980s, some 20,000 Vietnamese babies died annually of tetanus before the age of one month. Since 1991, pregnant women have been vaccinated throughout Viet Nam through its Expanded Programme on Immunization, resulting in a high vaccination coverage rate. Vietnam is oe of several 'priority' countries for eliminating this disease. It has substantially reduced child mortality in specific areas.

Both these initatives decreased the child mortality rate substantially. With more projects like these, this goal can be achieved.


Garrett Macklin